"In The Name of Allah"

"Muhammad Bâqir al-Sadr and

the renewal of Islamic thought"

            Introduction

            Speaking about Islam and modernism, we have to be aware of the relationship between these two terms and the role of those figures who have had a vital contribution in this regard. According to some Islamic thinkers, modernism in Islam is a kind of intellectual reaction against the attack of Western culture particularly in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. During this period, Muslim societies were under the pressure of new changes associated with Western domination, as a result of Western military victories, political and socio-economic progresses[1] Others believe that modernism includes all kinds of intellectual reforms bring new ideas against rigid traditionism.[2] According to the former point of view, Islamic modernism should not be equated with all attempts for internal revival, or reform in the field of Islamic thought. Modernists are mainly concerned with purifying Islamic heritage, reinterpreting some of its aspects in order to establish its worth against foreign encroachment. However they emphasize that opposing Western culture does not mean that modernists are enemies of Western sciences, technologies, and various forms of new social organization. What they really oppose is the wholesale and indiscriminate importation of Western ideas and values which will result in the disintegration of the moral fiber of the society and its authenticity. 

 In the name of God, the Beneficent the Merciful

To the Youth in Europe and North America,

The recent events in France and similar ones in some other Western countries have convinced me to directly talk to you about them. I am addressing you, [the youth], not because I overlook your parents, rather it is because the future of your nations and countries will be in your hands; and also I find that the sense of quest for truth is more vigorous and attentive in your hearts.

I don’t address your politicians and statesmen either in this writing because I believe that they have consciously separated the route of politics from the path of righteousness and truth.

I would like to talk to you about Islam, particularly the image that is presented to you as Islam. Many attempts have been made over the past two decades, almost since the disintegration of the Soviet Union, to place this great religion in the seat of a horrifying enemy. The provocation of a feeling of horror and hatred and its utilization has unfortunately a long record in the political history of the West.

Mulla Sadra & Bodily Created-ness of the Soul

Abstract

In this paper I would like to evaluate the real philosophical value of Mulladrā's doctrine about the created-ness of the soul. This inquiry requires the researcher to investigate the soundness of Mull adrā's novel psychological findings. "Substantial motion" (al-ªarakah al-jawharyyah) and the "gradation of existence" (al-tashkīk fī marātib al-wujūd) are the two main philosophical principles formulated and implied by our philosopher regarding the elaboration of his theory on the soul's developmental process. Unlike other Muslim philosophers Mulla Sadra attempted to prove that human soul comes into existence and develops within the corporeal realm and then switches into immateriality. He is therefore faced with the challenging question of link and unity of material and immaterial substances.

“In The Name of Allah”

Salaamun Alaykum

I am Dr. Abaas Ali Shameli. I was born in Shahreza, a small town westward of beautiful Isfahan, a central province in the Islamic Republic of Iran. I am gifted by Allah (s.w.t) with three children, two daughters (Raziah and Fatimah) and a son (Alireza). I have obtained my PhD in culture & values in education from McGill University located in Montreal, Canada in 1999.